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Important Islamic Jurisprudence

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» Fard – Obligatory: An act commanded by Allah in the Holy Qur’an is known as Fard. The following explains a Fard in detail: a. An act that is obligatory to be executed b. It has been proven by rigorously authenticated texts c.  The denial of any Fard renders one to come out of the folds of Islam. d. If one omits to perform any Fard without any valid shari’i reason, then such a person becomes a fasiq (transgressor) and the person is regarded as a major sinner. Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah: a. If it is performed one shall reap reward. b. The Messenger of Allah had performed such an act, but also omitted it without any reason. c.  To omit a Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah is disliked in the Islamic Law (Shari’ah). However, one is not punished for this. d. Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah is also known as Sunnat-e-Zawa’id.  

» Mustahab – Desirable Acts: a. An act that is appreciated by the Sacred Islamic Law (Shari’ah) b. There is no harm if one omits it c.  One gains reward for doing it, but one is not punished for omitting it. » Mubah: a. An act that is neither commanded nor prohibited by the Shari’ah. b. There is no reward for doing it, and no punishment or omitting it. » Haram – Unlawful: a. Totally forbidden in Islam. b. Proven by rigorously authenticated texts. c.  Anyone who denies something proven from the Qur’an and Hadith to be Haram, becomes a kafir. d. If this act is committed deliberately and intentionally, even once, then such a person is a transgressor (fasiq), and has committed a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira). Thus, such a person shall be punished. e.  To refrain from such acts is rewarded. f.   Haram is considered the opposite of Fard.  

» Makruh-e-Tehrimi: “Makruh” generally means something that is not desirable i.e. something that is disliked by the Islamic Law. a. Makruh-e-Tehrimi is something that is essential to refrain from. b. To do an act that is Makruh-e-Tehrimi is a sin and against the commands of the Shari’ah. c.  Anyone who does it is a Fasiq, and will be punished. d. There is reward to refrain from such acts. e.  If such acts are done once, then they are not classed as a major sin. However, to persevere on such acts does turn it into a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira). f.   It is considered the opposite of a Wajib. » Isa’at: a. An act that is necessary to avoid. b. It is considered the opposite of Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah.

» Makruh-e-Tanzihi: a. An act that is disliked by the Shari’ah. b. If this act is done, then there is no sin or punishment. However, it is bad to make it a habit of doing such an act. c.  One gains reward for not doing it. d. It is considered the opposite of Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah. » Khilaf-e-Awla: It is best to avoid such acts, but if done then there is no sin or punishment. It is considered the opposite of Mustahab.


(NOTE: This information is given for the limited purpose of bringing awareness about the subject matter for readers. The readers are advised to seek further is not responsible for any adverse acts taken by the readers.)